Form for Unauthorized Information (UI) cases - Laws 73C and 16.

The TD, reviewer, committee chair, or scribe should fill in the form as each question is addressed.

1. Was UI available? (Law 16A)

( ) Yes ( ) No

Describe the action that created the UI:


2. Did the UI demonstrably suggest the action taken by the player who had UI available over any other, less successful alternatives? (Law 16B1a)

( ) Yes ( ) No

If yes, why?


3. List those alternative actions, that is, the ones that might have produced a less successful outcome:


4. Circle each alternative in step 3 that is "logical," per the criteria in Law 16B1b (printed for reference on the reverse of this form).

If the law is not clear to you, then for each action consider the following: Would it have been obviously foolish, an egregious error, absurd, or would it be right quite often? If the last, it is a logical alternative.


Were any of the alternatives in step 3 logical alternatives?

( ) Yes ( ) No

5. If the answers to each of questions 1, 2, and 4 are all "Yes" then proceed to Law 12C1.

Be sure to consider weighted adjustments per Law 12C1(c).

If the answer to any of these questions is "No" then the score cannot be adjusted under Law 16.


Excerpts from the 2017 Laws of Duplicate Bridge, for reference:

Law 73C1. Player receives unauthorized information from Partner

When a player has available to him unauthorized information from his partner, such as from a remark, question, explanation, gesture, mannerism, undue emphasis, inflection, haste or hesitation, an unexpected alert or failure to alert, he must carefully avoid taking any advantage from that unauthorized information [see Law 16B1(a)].

Law 16B1. Extraneous information from Partner

Any extraneous information from partner that might suggest a call or play is unauthorized. This includes remarks, questions, replies to questions, unexpected alerts or failures to alert, unmistakable hesitation, unwonted speed, special emphasis, tone, gesture, movement or mannerism.

(a) A player may not choose a call or play that is demonstrably suggested over another by unauthorized information if the other call or play is a logical alternative.

(b) A logical alternative is an action that a significant proportion of the class of players in question, using the methods of the partnership, would seriously consider, and some might select.




UI Form version 1.6 -- July 3, 2020